Table 1 Baseline characteristics of patients.
hDPSC group
(n = 30)
Control group
(n = 10)
Sex
  Male26 (86.67%)7 (70%)
  Female4 (13.33%)3 (30%)
Age7.13 ± 0.977.1 ± 0.74
Time between trauma and hDPSC implantation/apexification
  <2 months3 (10%)1 (10%)
  2 to 7 months19 (63.33%)3 (30%)
  >7 months8 (26.67%)6 (60%)
History of drug
allergy
00
Laser Doppler
flowmetry (PU)
2.81 ± 0.413.01 ± 0.44
Length of root (mm)10.69 ± 1.329.99 ± 0.82
Width of apical
foramen (mm)
3.17 ± 0.693.54 ± 0.44