Table 1. Demographic and clinical characteristics of 50 mothers from Port-au-Prince, Haiti.

Half of the mothers were HIV-infected.

Maternal characteristicsHIV+ mothers (n = 25)HIV mothers (n = 25)P
Maternal age (years)
  Mean (SD)30.2 (5.3)27.1 (7.5)
  Median (IQR)31 (28–34)27 (20–31)0.06
Use of antibiotics during pregnancy or postpartum period (%)18 (72)10 (40)0.02
Vaginal delivery (%)19 (76)24 (96)0.10
Delivery at home (%)10 (42)11 (44)0.87
Term delivery (%)23 (92)22 (88)0.64
BMI (kg/m2)
  Mean (SD)24.7 (4.2)21.9 (2.8)
  Median (IQR)25.3 (21.1–27.5)21.4 (20.3–23.4)0.023
Maternal mid-upper arm circumference (cm)
  Mean (SD)25.6 (5.5)26.0 (4.0)
  Median (IQR)27 (23–29.0)26 (24–28)0.59
Exclusive breastfeeding (%)20 (80)19 (76)0.73
Breast problems: cracked nipples, clogged ducts, and mastitis (%)10 (40)9 (36)0.77