Table 3. Demographic and clinical characteristics of 50 infants from Port-au-Prince, Haiti.

Half of the infants were HIV-exposed (born to HIV-positive mothers). None of the infants received courses of antibiotics. Only one infant subsequently acquired HIV infection. This mother-infant dyad was excluded from subsequent analyses. N/A, not applicable.

Infant characteristicsHIV-exposed (n = 25)HIV-unexposed (n = 25)P
Infant age (days)
  Mean (SD)66.6 (44.8)71.4 (56.6)0.65
  Median (IQR)48 (33 to 113)72 (16 to 96)
Female sex (%)13 (52)13 (52)1.00
Antibiotics (%)0 (0)0 (0)1.00
Weight-for-age z score
  Mean (SD)−0.9 (1.2)−1.0 (1.3)0.90
  Median (IQR)−1.2 (−1.6 to −0.4)−0.8 (−1.6 to 0.1)
Weight-for-age z score (%)
  <−1.57 (28)8 (32)0.76
  ≥−1.518 (72)17 (68)
Length/height-for-age z score
  Mean (SD)−1.2 (1.6)−0.6 (1.7)0.25
  Median (IQR)−1.4 (−1.8 to 0.0)−0.1 (−1.0 to 0.5)
Length/height-for-age z score (%)
  <−1.512 (48)5 (20)0.037
  ≥−1.513 (52)20 (80)
HIV infection (%)1 (4)N/A