Table 1.

Expertises for training in regenerative medicine. In addition to the basic and biological sciences, engineers will benefit from experience in the rudiments of anatomy, histology, and surgery; a background in custom design, manufacture, and fabrication; and a working understanding of materials and chemical engineering.

AreaExamplesImpact
BiologyCell biology
Cellular mechanics
Physiology, with lab
Chemical kinetics, with modeling
Already at the core of many bioengineering curricula
Provide an essential foundation for work in regenerative medicine
Anatomy/histologyGross anatomy, with dissection
Histopathology
Provide tactile experience working with living tissues and allow firsthand observation of tissue architecure
Physical and tactile skillsPrinciples of large-scale mammalian cell culture
Introduction to surgical technique
Teach the manual techniques required for human-scale organ research
Technical design and developmentIntroduction to fabrication, with lab
Bioreactor design, with lab
Biomedical sensor design, with lab
Introduction to biomaterials
Biomaterials processing
Large-scale cell culture/bioprocessing
Provide a much-needed technical basis for invention and custom fabrication