Table 1 List of antibiotics used in the study.
AntibioticAbbreviationClassTarget
AmikacinAMIAminoglycosideProtein synthesis, 30S
GentamicinGENAminoglycosideProtein synthesis, 30S
KanamycinKANAminoglycosideProtein synthesis, 30S
StreptomycinSTRAminoglycosideProtein synthesis, 30S
AmpicillinAMPβ-LactamCell wall
AmoxicillinAMXβ-LactamCell wall
PiperacillinPIPβ-LactamCell wall
CefuroximeCFXβ-LactamCell wall
CefepimeCFPβ-LactamCell wall
Nalidixic acidNALQuinoloneDNA gyrase
CiprofloxacinCIPQuinoloneDNA gyrase
LevofloxacinLEVQuinoloneDNA gyrase
TetracyclineTETTetracyclineProtein synthesis, 30S
MinocyclineMINTetracyclineProtein synthesis, 30S
TigecyclineTGCTetracyclineProtein synthesis, 30S
ChloramphenicolCHLAmphenicolProtein synthesis, 50S
AzithromycinAZYMacrolideProtein synthesis, 50S
ColistinCOLPolymyxinLipopolysaccharide
Polymyxin BPOLPolymyxinLipopolysaccharide
FosfomycinFOSFosfomycinCell wall biogenesis
RifampicinRIFRifamycinRNA polymerase
NitrofurantoinNITNitrofuranMultiple
TrimethoprimTRIDihydrofolate reductase inhibitorFolic acid biosynthesis