Table 1

Fasting blood parameters of germ-free (GF) recipient animals receiving cecal contents from RYGB-R, SHAM-R, and GF mice. Values represent means ± SEM. Data annotated by different letters are significantly different (P < 0.05, ANOVA).

RYGB-RSHAM-RGF
n15107
Blood glucose (mg/dl)148 ± 5.5A147 ± 7.4A120 ± 3.9B
Insulin (ng/ml)0.46 ± 0.10A0.99 ± 0.19A0.73 ± 0.19A
HOMA-IR4.4 ± 0.98A9.8 ± 4.1A5.5 ± 1.5A
Serum triglyceride (mg/dl)77.8 ± 9.7A113 ± 8.5B73.5 ± 16.8A
Serum NEFA (meQ/liter)0.58 ± 0.06A0.65 ± 0.06A0.62 ± 0.05A
Liver weight (% body weight)4.9 ± 0.10A4.8 ± 0.20A4.8 ± 0.18A
Liver triglyceride (mg/g liver)22.9 ± 4.2A36.2 ± 9.1A21.6 ± 6.0A