Table 1. Practical UDR guidelines for recruitment, accommodation, and site selection.

 

Recruit through a variety of media.
• Make large-print recruitment notices, using nationally recognized standards for large print (20).
• Use audible recruitment (for example, audible announcements on radio or television or in person at support groups).
• Recruit through local disability agencies and disability consumer organizations.
Plan multiple options for response to recruitment notices.
• Allow for response by telephone.
• Be prepared to receive responses by video relay service from deaf participants (20–22).
• If you allow for Internet or Web-based responses to recruitment, provide a site accessible to screen readers and compliant with Section 508 Amendment of the 1973 Rehabilitation Act (23).
Plan to accommodate special needs of participants during data gathering and other research activities.
• Do not add disabilities to exclusion criteria unless they would substantively alter the scientific content of the research.
• Consult with disability experts about facilitating access for your particular project.
• In all recruitment materials, include contact information for requesting reasonable accommodations.
• For events lasting two or more hours, have planned breaks or rest periods.
Plan for accessibility when choosing the location for research activities that involve participants.
• Whenever feasible, plan for participation from a distance (for example, through online surveys or telephone interviews).
• When planning a location for face-to-face interaction, consider (i) the needs of nondrivers (such as a need for accessible and reliable public transportation, or inclusion of transportation for nondrivers in the research budget) and (ii) building accessibility standards, especially those pertaining to people in wheelchairs.
• Before research activities begin, provide an orientation to surroundings for people with visual impairment by (i) explaining the route or guiding each person from the front door to the correct room within a building and (ii) giving a brief orientation to the room layout, the location of a nearby bathroom, and, if meal times are included in research activities, a location for obtaining a meal.