Supplementary Materials

Supplementary Material for:

The Tongue Enables Computer and Wheelchair Control for People with Spinal Cord Injury

Jeonghee Kim, Hangue Park, Joy Bruce, Erica Sutton, Diane Rowles, Deborah Pucci, Jaimee Holbrook, Julia Minocha, Beatrice Nardone, Dennis West, Anne Laumann, Eliot Roth, Mike Jones, Emir Veledar, Maysam Ghovanloo*

*Corresponding author. E-mail: mgh{at}

Published 27 November 2013, Sci. Transl. Med. 5, 213ra166 (2013)
DOI: 10.1126/scitranslmed.3006296

This PDF file includes:

  • Materials and Methods
  • Fig. S1. The regression models for Fitts’ law: Movement time (MT) versus effective index of difficulty (IDe).
  • Fig. S2. Graphical user interfaces for the computer access tasks.
  • Fig. S3. Experimental setup for driving a powered wheelchair through an obstacle course.
  • Table S1. Summary of the statistical analysis for center-out tapping and ITR tasks.
  • Table S2. Summary of the statistical analysis for maze navigation and electric-powered wheelchair driving tasks.
  • Table S3. Comparison between throughputs of different pointing devices.
  • Table S4. Index of difficulty in center-out tapping task.
  • Table S5. Demographic and clinical information about participants with SCI.
  • Legends for movies S1 to S4
  • References (57, 58)

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Other Supplementary Material for this manuscript includes the following:

  • Movie S1. Center-out tapping task.
  • Movie S2. ITR measurement task.
  • Movie S3. Maze navigation task.
  • Movie S4. Electric-powered wheelchair driving task.

[Movies S1 to S4]