Supplementary Materials

Supplementary Material for:

A Brain-Machine Interface Enables Bimanual Arm Movements in Monkeys

Peter J. Ifft, Solaiman Shokur, Zheng Li, Mikhail A. Lebedev, Miguel A. L. Nicolelis*

*Corresponding author. E-mail:

Published 6 November 2013, Sci. Transl. Med. 5, 210ra154 (2013)
DOI: 10.1126/scitranslmed.3006159

This PDF file includes:

  • Fig. S1. Behavioral results from bimanual and unimanual joystick experiments.
  • Fig. S2. Decoding performance during joystick control.
  • Fig. S3. Improvements to UKF model.
  • Fig. S4. Plasticity during passive observation training.
  • Fig. S5. Arm EMGs during passive and active trials.
  • Fig. S6. Temporal changes in prediction accuracy during passive observation.
  • Table S1. Unimanual and bimanual modulation differences by area.
  • Legends for movies S1 to S4

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Other Supplementary Material for this manuscript includes the following:

  • Movie S1 (.wmv format). Screen capture of bimanual center-out joystick control trials.
  • Movie S2 (.wmv format). Video of monkey performing bimanual joystick control trials using two joysticks.
  • Movie S3 (.wmv format). Video of monkey performing bimanual BC with arms.
  • Movie S4 (.wmv format). Screen capture of bimanual BC without arms.

[Movies S1 to S4]