Research ArticleGRAFT VERSUS HOST DISEASE

ST2 blockade reduces sST2-producing T cells while maintaining protective mST2-expressing T cells during graft-versus-host disease

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Science Translational Medicine  07 Oct 2015:
Vol. 7, Issue 308, pp. 308ra160
DOI: 10.1126/scitranslmed.aab0166

Blocking graft-versus-host disease

Bone marrow transplantation replaces unhealthy bone marrow with bone marrow from a healthy donor. However, the donor-derived immune cells may recognize the transplant recipient as foreign and attack, resulting in graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). Now, Zhang et al. report that blocking soluble suppression of tumorigenicity 2 (sST2), a plasma marker for GVHD, with a neutralizing antibody can reduce GVHD severity and mortality. The blockade decreased the production of proinflammatory cytokines and increased the frequency of anti-inflammatory molecules and cells while maintaining graft-versus-leukemia activity. These data suggest that targeting sST2 may help decrease GVHD after bone marrow transplantation.