Research ArticleNEUROTECHNOLOGY

Closed-loop neuromodulation of spinal sensorimotor circuits controls refined locomotion after complete spinal cord injury

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Science Translational Medicine  24 Sep 2014:
Vol. 6, Issue 255, pp. 255ra133
DOI: 10.1126/scitranslmed.3008325

Article Information

vol. 6 no. 255 255ra133

PubMed: 
Print ISSN: 
Online ISSN: 
History: 
  • Received for publication December 18, 2013
  • Accepted for publication May 5, 2014
  • .

Author Information

  1. Nikolaus Wenger1,*,
  2. Eduardo Martin Moraud2,3,*,
  3. Stanisa Raspopovic2,4,
  4. Marco Bonizzato2,
  5. Jack DiGiovanna2,
  6. Pavel Musienko1,5,
  7. Manfred Morari3,
  8. Silvestro Micera2,4, and
  9. Grégoire Courtine1,
  1. 1International Paraplegic Foundation Chair in Spinal Cord Repair, Center for Neuroprosthetics and Brain Mind Institute, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (EPFL), Lausanne CH-1015, Switzerland.
  2. 2Translational Neural Engineering Lab, Center for Neuroprosthetics and Institute of Bioengineering, School of Bioengineering, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (EPFL), Lausanne CH-1015, Switzerland.
  3. 3Automatic Control Laboratory, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETHZ), Zurich CH-8092, Switzerland.
  4. 4The BioRobotics Institute, Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna, Pisa IT-56025, Italy.
  5. 5Pavlov Institute of Physiology, St. Petersburg RU-100034, Russia.
  1. Corresponding author. E-mail: gregoire.courtine{at}epfl.ch
    • * These authors contributed equally to this work.

    • These authors contributed equally to this work.

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