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Brain tumors, meet macrophages
A protein called CD47 is often expressed on the surface of tumor cells, where it serves as a “don’t eat me” signal that blocks macrophages from attacking the tumor. To overcome this signal and allow the macrophages to “eat” tumor cells, Gholamin et al. engineered a humanized antibody that blocks CD47 signaling. The researchers tested the efficacy of this antibody in patient-derived xenograft models of a variety of pediatric brain tumors. The treatment was successful at inhibiting CD47, killing tumor cells, and prolonging the animals’ survival, all without toxic effects on normal tissues.
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