Research ArticleMicrobiome

Antibiotics, birth mode, and diet shape microbiome maturation during early life

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Science Translational Medicine  15 Jun 2016:
Vol. 8, Issue 343, pp. 343ra82
DOI: 10.1126/scitranslmed.aad7121

Snapshots of the developing infant gut microbiota

The intestinal “microbiota,” that is, the community of microbes inhabiting the human intestinal tract, undergoes many changes during the first 2 years of life. Bokulich et al. now show that this pattern of development is altered in children who are delivered by cesarean section, fed formula, or treated with antibiotics, compared to those babies who were born vaginally, breast-fed, or unexposed to antibiotics. Future studies will determine whether these disturbances influence the health of these babies.