CommentaryGlobal Health

Cancer in global health: How do prevention and early detection strategies relate?

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Science Translational Medicine  11 Mar 2015:
Vol. 7, Issue 278, pp. 278cm1
DOI: 10.1126/scitranslmed.3008853

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National cancer control plans are needed to stem the rapidly rising global cancer burden. Prevention and early detection are complementary but distinct strategies for cancer control. Some cancers are prevented through behavior and/or environmental modifications that reduce cancer risk, whereas other cancers are more amenable to treatment when they are successfully diagnosed at early stages. Prevention and early detection strategies should be prioritized on the basis of country-specific cancer demographics, modifiable risk factor distribution, and existing treatment resource availability. Following an individualized plan integrating prevention and early detection strategies, deficits can be targeted to strengthen national health systems for cancer control.

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