Brain Maturation After Preterm Birth

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Science Translational Medicine  16 Jan 2013:
Vol. 5, Issue 168, pp. 168ps2
DOI: 10.1126/scitranslmed.3005379

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Two translational studies—one in humans and one in sheep—suggest that (i) premature birth is associated with delayed maturation of grey matter in the cerebral cortex and (ii) medical care that prohibits impairment of growth in premature neonates may enhance cortical development and reduce neurological disabilities associated with preterm birth.

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