Community Health Care: Therapeutic Opportunities in the Human Microbiome

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Science Translational Medicine  13 Apr 2011:
Vol. 3, Issue 78, pp. 78ps12
DOI: 10.1126/scitranslmed.3001626

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We are never alone. Humans coexist with diverse microbial species that live within and upon us—our so-called microbiota. It is now clear that this microbial community is essentially another organ that plays a fundamental role in human physiology and disease. Basic and translational research efforts have begun to focus on deciphering mechanisms of microbiome function—and learning how to manipulate it to benefit human health. In this Perspective, we discuss therapeutic opportunities in the human microbiome.

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